What India Can Do To Cope With Global Warming And Climate Change?

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admin November 5, 2021
Updated 2021/11/05 at 1:22 PM

Working Group I of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) recently released its Sixth Assessment Report, which provides a strong case for climate action. According to the analysis, the last decade (2011-2010) was 1.09°C warmer than the period between 1850 and 1900, and the 1.5°C global warming barrier is expected to be crossed shortly. In the future, India faces more violent heat waves, heavy monsoons, and an increase in weather extremes, according to the IPCC assessment. India is the seventh-most impacted nation by weather extremes, according to the Global Climate Risk Index (2021). Climate change responses varies from place to place due to changes in production systems, agro-climatic environments, and socio-economic situations.

The impetus to accelerate mitigation and adaptation has never been greater. India is on track to meet its mitigation goals of lowering emission intensity and increasing renewable capacity. India has started massive solar and green hydrogen initiatives in order to reach its goal of 450 gigawatts of renewable energy capacity by 2030. Another effort to accelerate the adoption of clean technologies is the NITI Aayog’s Shoonya programme, which aims to accelerate the adoption of electric vehicles.

There is a pressing need to implement adaptation measures in light of rising climate threats. The National Action Plan on Climate Change and the National Adaption Fund are two focused adaptation programmes in India. However, in order to preserve hard-won developmental achievements and adapt to changing climatic circumstances, a breakthrough on adaptation and resilience initiatives is required. A business-as-usual approach to adaptation planning is insufficient. For poverty reduction and distress migration reduction, a development-centric strategy that links climate change, food security, and livelihood views while taking regional specificities into account is critical. Adaptation planning also requires governance at many levels in order to comprehend, plan, coordinate, integrate, and act in order to decrease vulnerability and exposure.

India may take the following steps to improve its adaptability and resilience. First, with high-quality meteorological data, it can be better prepared for climate change. We can better deal with the situation if early warning systems and forecasts are strengthened. Leading research institutions might be enlisted to provide regional climate forecasts for more accurate risk assessments.

Second, developing well-functioning marketplaces for environmentally friendly goods and disseminating them for the needed behavioural change is required for sustainable production systems.

Third, encouraging private sector investment in adaption technologies as well as creating and implementing new climate services and solutions in sectors including agriculture, health, infrastructure, insurance, and risk management is critical.

Fourth, we must maintain mangroves and forests in order to manage climate-related threats by combining traditional knowledge with scientific data and enlisting the participation of local and non-state actors.

Fifth, large social assistance programmes must be climate-proofed. We have a chance to build robust infrastructure assets, diversify the economy, and improve rural families’ adaptive capabilities. Sixth, robust feedback systems for mid-course adjustment must be devised for continual monitoring and assessment. Periodic fine-tuning of State Action Plans on Climate Change is essential for systematically understanding micro-level sensitivities, planning resource allocation, and designing solutions to serve various degrees of climate hazard intensity.

The need for proactive and timely need-based adaptation cannot be overstated. There will be a significant budgetary burden in the future if it is not implemented. Climate change adaptation requires a more collaborative approach. Next-generation reforms will open up new business and climate service possibilities in a variety of sectors, resulting in a more sustainable economy.

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