On October 12, the Union Cabinet approved the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation – AMRUT 2.0 and the Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban) for the years 2025-2026.
The estimated overall cost of AMRUT 2.0 is Rs. 2,77,000 crore. The cash allocation for SBM-U 2.0 is Rs. 1,41,600 crore, which is 2.5 times greater than the first phase of the mission, according to a statement from the ministry of housing and urban affairs.
The Cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, approved the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation 2.0 (AMRUT 2.0) until 2025-26 on October 12 as a step toward AatmaNirbhar Bharat and with the goal of making cities “water secure” and “self-sustainable” through water circular economy, according to the statement.
AMRUT 2.0 aims to provide universal water coverage by installing home tap connections in all 4,378 statutory municipalities. Another goal is to provide 100 percent coverage of residential sewerage/septage management in 500 AMRUT cities. To achieve the desired results, the mission aims to deliver 2.68 crore tap connections and 2.64 crore sewer/ septage connections.
According to the announcement, the total indicative expenditure for AMRUT 2.0 is 2,77,000 crore, including a government share of 76,760 crores, for a five-year period from FY 2021-22 to FY 2025-26.
A technology-based site will be used to keep track of the Mission. Geo-tagging will be applied to the projects. There will be an effort to make the Mission paperless. Through a municipal water balance plan, cities will examine their water supplies, usage, future requirements, and water losses. According to the statement, city water action plans will be produced based on this, which will be summed up as a State Water Action Plan and authorised by MoHUA.
The financing for the projects will be split between the Centre, the State, and the local governments. The central money will be distributed to the states in three instalments, depending on their allocation in the State Water Action Plan.
Pey Jal Survekshan, which would foster competition among cities for evaluating urban water services, is another essential aspect of AMRUT 2.0 (U). The Mission would also stimulate market funding mobilisation by requiring the execution of 10% of project value via Public-Private Partnership in cities with populations over ten lakh.
It has a reform programme aimed at improving ULBs’ financial health and water security. Major water-related changes include meeting 20% of demand using recycled water, lowering non-revenue water to less than 20%, and rejuvenating water bodies. Other major improvements include property tax revisions, user fees, and improving ULB creditworthiness. According to the announcement, ULBs will be awarded incentives if they complete the improvements.
Until 2025-26, the Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban) 2.0 will concentrate on attaining Open Defecation Free (ODF) results, scientific solid waste processing in all cities, and wastewater management in cities with fewer than 1 lakh people according to Census 2011.
For SBM-U 2.0, a financial outlay of 1,41,600 crores has been decided, including a central share of 36,465 crores for the period 2021-22 to 2025-26, which is more than 2.5 times the previous phase’s financial expenditure of 62,009 crores.
The emphasis of SBM-U 2.0, which will be inaugurated on October 1, 2021, by Prime Minister Modi, during the following five years will be on maintaining and increasing the momentum produced, in order to accomplish the Mission’s aim of a garbage-free urban India.
With a comprehensive gap analysis of essential infrastructure, detailed 5-year action plans, and yearly action plans with timetables, the Mission components will be implemented in a systematic and time-bound way.
Through GIS-mapped waste management infrastructure, a robust user interface, an online grievance redressal system, end-to-end online monitoring of projects from project creation to fund release, and project progress monitoring on an integrated GIS-based platform, the Mission will be completely paperless and digital, leveraging digital technology for complete transparency and accountability.