The Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to scientists Syukuro Manabe, Klaus Hasselmann, and Giorgio Parisi on Tuesday for their “groundbreaking contributions to our knowledge of complex physical systems,” according to the award-giving agency.
“Complex systems are difficult to comprehend since they are characterised by unpredictability and chaos,” the Swedish Academy of Sciences stated in a statement. “This year’s Prize honours novel approaches to defining and forecasting their long-term behaviour.”
Manabe, who is 90 years old, is a US citizen. Hasselmann is German while Parisi is Italian.
The award is worth a total of 10 million Swedish crowns ($1.15 million).
After Americans David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian earned the Nobel Prize for Medicine on Monday for the discovery of temperature and touch receptors in the skin, physics is the second Nobel Prize granted this week.
The Nobel awards were established in 1901 by the will of Swedish dynamite inventor and industrialist Alfred Nobel, and have been granted with only a few pauses, largely owing to two world wars.
Because to the Covid-19 epidemic, there will be no dinner in Stockholm this year, as there was last year. The medals and certificates will be presented to the laureates in their home countries.
The announcement of the physics prize will be followed by those for chemistry, literature, peace, and economics in the next days.
Physics has historically taken centre stage among the Nobel Prizes, with rewards often going to fundamental advancements in our knowledge of the cosmos. Albert Einstein and Pierre and Marie Curie, a husband-and-wife duo, were previous winners.
Scientists Roger Penrose, Reinhard Genzel, and Andrea Ghez shared the Nobel Prize in Physics last year for their work on black holes.
Source: The Indian Express