Carbon dating of organic material obtained from archaeological digs in Sivakalai, Thoothukudi district, shows that the Thamirabarani civilization in Tamil Nadu is at least 3,200 years old. In light of these discoveries, Tamil Nadu Chief Minister MK Stalin ordered the establishment of a Rs 15 crore museum in Thirunelveli to house the excavation results. Porunai, an old name for the Thamirabarani river, will be the name of the museum.
Carbon dating findings of rice and dirt in a burial pot found from Sivakalai in Thoothukudi district were released on August 27 by the Beta Analytic Testing Laboratory in Miami, Florida. The findings revealed that rice and soil were present as early as 1155 BCE, or 3,200 years ago. This is the earliest period based on discoveries from excavations in Tamil Nadu.
Stalin further stated that excavations for Tamil trade ties will be conducted out in other states. At the first phase, archaeological excavations will be carried out in Musiri, now known as Pattanam in Kerala, to research the Chera kingdom with the help of Kerala specialists. Vengi in Andhra Pradesh, Palur in Odisha, and Thalaikudi in Karnataka will all be the sites of additional research.
The State Archeological Department would also conduct study at Pernika Anecce and Quaker al-Qadim in Egypt to prove Tamil connections, according to CM Stalin. Once at a time, these areas were part of the Roman Empire. Pot shreds with proto Tamil characters have been discovered in these nations, and studies will be conducted in Khor Rori, Oman, to establish Tamil trade ties. The research will be carried out in collaboration with archaeologists from different nations.
Apart from that, excavations for Tamil ties to the Chola empire will be carried out in Southeast Asian nations like as Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, and Vietnam.
The discoveries from Sivakalai have sparked controversy in Tamil Nadu, since they might point to evidence of a city civilization in south India as far back as 3,200 years ago, during the Indus Valley Civilisation’s latter stages.
“People like Iravatham Mahadevan (Indian epigraphist and civil servant) and Asko Parpola (Finnish Indologist) have always believed that the Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC) was a Dravidian civilization, and new research has also found that the people over there spoke a language that could be related to Dravidian,” says Nadika Nadja, writer-activist and history enthusiast. “Around 1600-1700 BCE, the IVC fell apart (dates go to 1900 BCE or even earlier). However, there was no IVC by 1200 BCE. However, we have recently discovered that humans lived in Tamil Nadu throughout the civilization of 1200 BCE. We could certainly demonstrate a link between the Indus Valley and Tamil civilization with this, and we could probably prove that Tamil people resided in both areas and had substantial trading relations in both.”
Studying items dug up from Keezhadi, Adichanallur, Korkai, and other locations, the Sivakalai excavations have found the earliest date. Earlier excavations at Adichanallur revealed that a civilization existed as early as 980 BC.
More results from the excavations were also discussed by Chief Minister Stalin. Keezhadi recently yielded a silver coin with a punch mark. It was decorated with sun, moon, taurine, and other geometrical designs. According to research, the currency dates from the 4th century BC, which is before the reign of the Maurya empire.
Further discoveries by Adichanallur and Korkai revealed timelines dating back to the 9th and 8th centuries BC, demonstrating the existence of an ancient civilization near the Porunai river. Adichanallur, Korkai, and Sivakalai are all locations along the old Porunai (Thamirabarani river) in Tamil Nadu’s Thoothukudi district.
“These discoveries have a lot of implications,” Nadika adds. The first is that it was previously thought that there was no city civilization in south India, she continues. “The first urbanisation on the subcontinent occurred during the IVC, and the second occurred at the end of the Mauryan period on the Ganga’s banks. “Now we’ve discovered that silver coins were unearthed in Adichanallur even before the Mauryan period,” she explains.
Furthermore, the Keezhadi excavations reveal that widespread literacy existed in Tamil Nadu by at least 600 BCE, implying that regular people could read in Tamil Nadu even 2,600 years ago. “Tamil Sangam poetry has also established that Tamil civilization was a city culture. The Sivakalai Porunai discoveries now demonstrate that this is correct and that the civilization existed far earlier than previously thought. Tamil Nadu had significant occupancy strata dating back to 1155 BCE. The findings back this up and even stretch beyond the time period mentioned in Sangam poetry,” Nadika says.
Source: The News Minute