Gujarat has topped the list for larger States in the NITI Aayog’s State Energy and Climate Index–Round 1 has ranked States and Union Territories (UTs) on six parameters including discoms’ performance, including the energy efficiency, and environmental sustainability.
The States have been categorised based on size and geographical differences as larger and smaller States and UTs. The index is based on 2019–20 data.
Gujarat, Kerala, and Punjab have been ranked as the top three performers in the category of larger States while Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, and Chhattisgarh were the bottom three States. Goa emerged as the top–performer in the smaller States category followed by Tripura and Manipur. Among UTs, Chandigarh, Delhi, and Daman & Diu/Dadra & Nagar Haveli are the top performers.
Punjab was the best performer in discom performance while Kerala topped in the access, affordability, and reliability category.
Haryana was the best performer in clean energy initiatives among larger States and Tamil Nadu in the energy efficiency category.
“The State Energy and Climate Index (SECI) is the first index that aims to track the efforts made by States and UTs in the climate and energy sector…These parameters have been devised keeping in mind India’s goals for climate change and clean energy transition,” the report said.
It said the SECI is the first step in this journey where States can explore and benchmark themselves on various parameters. For instance, in terms of energy efficiency, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra have done well while in terms of DISCOM’s performance, two small UTs — D&D and D&N — have done well. “The best practices for all indicators in better–performing States can be adopted by other States to improve their performance. The SECI will help States to understand their performance across multiple parameters/indicators,” it said.
Noting that for a few States data for a few indicators are not available, which has also affected the overall ranking of the States, the report said data updation and validation need to be a priority of state governments going forward to help them design better policies.
“The best practices of the States should be regularly documented and disseminated through mediums such as SECI to promote peer–to–peer learning. For instance, each State can learn from the best performing States/UTs,” it said.
Source: The Hindu