The acronym NIPUN stands for National Initiative for Proficiency in Reading and Numeracy. The NIPUN Bharat Policy aims to ensure that children aged 3 to 9 years get the help they need to develop age-appropriate reading and math abilities.
What are the Policy’s Key Features?
The policy is divided into three main objectives.
The first is the ‘Maintenance of Children’s Good Health and Well-Being
second is ‘Children Becoming Effective Communicators
the third is ‘Children Becoming Involved Learners.’
All of these objectives have been split into six stages, one for each of the six years between the ages of three and nine. The policy paper specifies a set of learning outcomes for each of these six levels.
The policy specifies two levels of evaluation
The first step is ‘School Based Assessment,’ which is a subjective evaluation of the kid based on observations made by teachers, parents, and classmates. Its goal is to figure out the child’s individual preferences and adjust learning methods accordingly.
The ‘Large Scale Standardised Assessment’ is the second level. The NCERT will conduct an MCQ-based exam to measure the educational system’s performance by assessing pupils against nationally defined criteria.
The efficacy of school-based evaluation will be determined in large part by the amount of money spent on teacher training, development, and sensitization. However, the policy makes no mention of any additional resource allocations for this purpose. The regulation does not go into detail about how the NCERT goes about developing the standardised evaluation. It may be difficult for NCERT to evaluate competency in regional languages using information from regional players in the context of “Standardised Assessment.”
While the policy recognises the need of providing an inclusive learning environment, the policy’s learning outcomes are identical, with no accommodations for students with disabilities. Another aspect of inclusion is learning to define oneself and others. There’s no indication of whether or not the kids will be taught about gender fluidity at this point.
The policy goals are expected to be met by 2026-2027, with periodic checks and sub-goals defined as milestones. It’s worth noting that, because this is merely a policy, there isn’t much of a system in place to ensure accountability; the only option is to file writ petitions, principally mandamus, under Articles 226 and 32 of the Constitution.