New emissions-cutting commitments, like India’s goal to be carbon neutral by 2070 at COP26, are expected to have a little impact on temperature increases this century, according to an updated UN assessment release.
The UN Environment Programme (UNEP) noted last month in its annual Emissions Gap report that existing decarbonisation plans, known as nationally determined contributions, or NDCs, put the globe on pace to warm 2.7 degrees Celsius this century.
It cautioned that nations would have to cut emissions more than seven times quicker to stay under 1.5 degrees Celsius, the most aggressive temperature target set by the Paris Agreement.
The UNEP stated on Tuesday that even when additional promises are added in, the climate impact is expected to be “quite comparable” to current net-zero objectives, according to an updated assessment.
This is due to “minimal reductions to 2030 emissions,” according to the UNEP.
According to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, nations’ revised NDCs, which are updated every five years under the Paris Agreement, emissions would rise 13.7 percent by 2030 before drastically dropping afterward.
To stay under 1.5 degrees Celsius, emissions must decrease by 45 percent by then. “We are not where we need to be,” said UNEP Executive Director Inger Andersen. “We need to move up with considerably greater effort.”
Source: The Hindu