Communal riots increased by 96 percent in 2020 over the previous year, according to the National Crime Records Bureau’s (NCRB) latest statistics on “Crime in India.” Similarly, caste riots rose by almost 50 percent, agrarian riots by 38 percent, and riots during ‘andolan/morcha’ by 33 percent.
According to the study, the number of cases recorded for crimes against women, children, and elderly people, theft, burglary, robbery, and dacoity, among other things, decreased by nearly 2 lakh between March 25 and May 31 last year as a result of the full lockdown. Murder increased by 1%, despite a 0.5 percent drop in “violent crimes.”
The number of cases involving ‘Offenses against the State’ fell by 27% in 2019 compared to the previous year. UP, on the other hand, was the only major state to have a rise in this category, owing to the state’s high number of “Damage to Public Property” charges, many of which occurred during the anti-CAA demonstrations.
Cases involving sedition and waging war against the country, as well as those falling under the terms of the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UAPA), Official Secrets Act, and Damage to Public Property Act, are considered ‘offences against the state.’
According to NCRB statistics, there were 857 instances of communal rioting throughout the nation in 2020, up from 438 in 2019. The Northeast Delhi riots in February last year are blamed for the majority of the 2020 cases. During the year, the Delhi Police Department alone recorded 520 instances of communal rioting.
Bihar is second with 117 instances, followed by Haryana and Jharkhand with 51 each, Maharashtra (26) and Gujarat (21). (23). According to the statistics, there was no one instance of communal violence in Uttar Pradesh in 2020.
Caste conflict rose from 492 cases in 2019 to 736 cases in 2020. With 208, Bihar leads the way, followed by Maharashtra (125), Uttar Pradesh (116), Karnataka (95), and Tamil Nadu (69).
Because NCRB data represents the number of incidents reported by police, it is often dependent on the response of officers on the ground.
The year witnessed unprecedented demonstrations against the Centre’s three agricultural policies, with 2,188 agrarian riots reported, up from 1,579 in 2019.
Surprisingly, Punjab had zero agrarian riots whereas Haryana had 34. Bihar has the most instances (1,286), followed by Maharashtra (279), Karnataka (148), Uttar Pradesh (142), and Jharkhand (142). (83).
Kerala had the greatest number of instances of rioting during a ‘andolan/morcha,’ with 1,798, accounting for almost 95 percent of all such incidents in 2020.
The number of assaults on police officers fell by almost 40% this year, from 1,054 in 2017 to 616 in 2020.
In 2020, 1,804 instances of ‘Promoting Enmity Between Groups’ were reported throughout the nation, up from only 1,058 occurrences in 2019. Tamil Nadu had the most instances (303), followed by Uttar Pradesh (243), Telangana (151), and Assam (151). (147).
In the category of “Offenses Against the State,” there were 2,000 fewer instances reported in 2020 than there were in 2019, which saw 7,656 incidents. The Prevention of Damage to Public Property Act (4,524 instances) accounted for 80.6 percent of the 5,613 cases filed this year, indicating a state crackdown on violent demonstrations, followed by 796 (14.2 percent) cases filed under the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UAPA).
In fact, the number of UAPA cases fell by 35% in 2020 compared to 2019. J&K has the most UAPA cases (287), followed by Manipur (169), Jharkhand (86), Assam (76), and Uttar Pradesh (76). (72). UP was the only state in the top five to have such high numbers while having no active insurgency.
UP is also the only major state where the number of charges filed under the heading of “Offenses Against the State” has increased. The state’s total number of cases in this category rose from 2,107 in 2019 to 2,217 in 2020. According to the statistics, the number of cases in this category has decreased in all other large states.
The high statistics in Uttar Pradesh are due to the state’s large number of Damage to Public Property Act proceedings. With 2,126 instances, the state accounts for almost half of all such cases in the nation; more than 95 percent of cases in the category of Offenses Against the State in UP include Damage to Public Property.
Source: The Indian Express