Prime Minister Narendra Modi has launched the PM Gati Shakti National Master Plan for multi-modal connectivity, which has been widely discussed. PM Modi emphasised the significance of the plan, saying that it “would assist India in realising its aspiration of becoming the world’s business capital.”
What is Gati Shakti
On August 15, the Prime Minister launched the ‘PM Gati Shakti – National Master Plan’ in his Independence Day address.
According to a top government official, the plan aims to break down inter-ministerial silos and integrate project planning and design with a common and holistic vision, boost India’s global competitiveness through next-generation infrastructure and seamless multi-modal connectivity, ensure seamless movement of goods and people, and improve the country’s ease of living and doing business.
High-resolution satellite pictures, infrastructure, utilities, administrative borders, land, and logistics will all be available on the platform.
While the logistics section of the commerce ministry will be in charge of the project, it will be overseen by an empowered committee of secretaries led by the Cabinet Secretary.
What is the purpose of the programme?
PM Modi emphasised the large gap between macro planning and micro execution while unveiling the Gati Shakti programme, as well as the challenges of lack of coordination, lack of prior knowledge, and how thinking and working in silos were leading to the impeded building and money waste.
It attempts to provide projects with greater speed (Gati) and power (Shakti) by uniting all relevant departments on a single platform. The Gati Shakti programme has been an integral element of the Modi government’s major infrastructure drive in the second term.
This programme is necessary to aid in the holistic synchronisation of the operations of each department, as well as the actions of multiple layers of governance, by assuring coordination and bridging the gap between project design and execution at various levels.
While the government has not said it explicitly, it is clear that Gati Shakti would be used to oversee the majority of the large projects under the Rs 110 lakh billion National Infrastructure Pipeline.
What are Gati Shakti’s objectives?
By 2024-25, the Rs 100 lakh crore national master plan would include 11 industrial corridors, a defence turnover of Rs 1.7 lakh crore, and 38 electronics manufacturing clusters, and 109 pharmaceutical clusters.
It establishes aims for all infrastructure ministries through 2024-25. The goal for the Road Transport and Roads Ministry is to build 2 lakh km of national highways, complete 5,590 km of four or six-lane national highways in coastal regions, and connect all state capitals in the northeast with four-lane national highways or two two-lane national highways.
Railways must carry 1,600 million tonnes of freight by 2024-25, up from 1,210 million tonnes in 2020, and decongest 51% of the network by building new lines and implementing two Dedicated Freight Corridors (DFCs).
According to the plan, the country’s gas pipeline network would be quadrupled to 34,500 km by 2024-25 by constructing a 17,000 km long trunk pipeline linking significant demand and supply centers for industry. In the case of electricity lines, the overall transmission network is planned to reach 4.52 lakh circuit km by 2024-25, with renewable energy capacity predicted to rise to 225 GW from the current 87.7 GW.
How will Gati Shakti work?
To carry out Gati Shakti, an Integrated Multimodal Network Planning Group (NPG) would be tasked with unified planning and integration of ideas as well as connectivity projects not included in the present master plan and costing more than Rs 500 crore.
Experts or officials from various stakeholder departments will make up the National Networking Group. The nodal agency would be the Department of Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade.
The group will be in charge of sharing their specific Action Plans for 2020-21 to 2024-25 with one another in order to facilitate network integration, improve optimisation through modification/expansion/new network creation to avoid duplication of work for holistic development of any region, and reduce logistics costs through micro-plan detailing.