For the fourth year in a row, Kerala has topped a ranking of states based on health indicators, while Uttar Pradesh was ranked last. The NITI Aayog, the World Bank, and the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare commissioned the report that includes the “Health Index.”
Kerala was followed by Tamil Nadu and Telangana.
The Health Index score is calculated using a large set of indicators divided into three major categories: health outcomes, governance and information, and key inputs and processes.
Range of indicators
Parameters like neonatal mortality rate, under-5 mortality rate, and birth sex ratio are examples of health outcomes. Institutional delivery and the average occupation of senior officials in important health-related positions are examples of governance. The “key inputs” domain includes the fraction of health-care professionals who fall short of what is needed, as well as functioning medical facilities, birth and death registries, and TB treatment success rates.
Several states do much better in one domain, suggesting that certain focused measures might boost their performance in other domains. In the areas of health outcomes, governance, and information, for example, 47% of states performed best, but just one state performed best in the category of key inputs and processes. The research indicates that states with higher health results, such as Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, and Maharashtra, did poorly on key inputs and procedures.
Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Jharkhand, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, and Uttar Pradesh all maintained their positions from the base year to the reference year, while four states increased their rankings.
Source: The Hindu