The historic Karbi Anglong Agreement was reached, putting an end to a decades-long dispute and guaranteeing Assam’s geographical integrity. The union government stated that those who reject violence would be “drawn into the mainstream” and that the administration will “speak to them even more gently and offer them more than their requests” when the agreement is signed.
What is the agreement?
The Union Government and the Assam Government would jointly provide a Special Development Package of Rs. 1000 crores over five years to fund particular initiatives for the development of Karbi regions. Assist the Karbi Anglong Autonomous Council in gaining more autonomy, protecting the Karbi people’s identity, language, culture, and other cultural assets, and focusing development on the Council territory without jeopardising Assam’s geographical and administrative integrity. Armed groups in Karbi have resolved to stop using violence and join the peaceful democratic process provided by the law of the nation. The agreement also calls for the rehabilitation of armed group cadres. Armed services personnel would be encouraged to participate in government-sponsored job creation programmes and other government perks. The Assam government will establish a Karbi Welfare Council to emphasise development efforts for Karbi people residing outside of the KAAC region. To boost KAAC’s resources, the State’s Consolidated Fund will be increased. KAAC will be given additional legislative, executive, administrative, and financial capabilities under the current agreement. A specific recruiting campaign for Karbi youngsters will be organised by the army, paramilitary forces, and police. Those filed against armed organisations that are not heinous in character would be dropped by the Assam government in accordance with the law, while cases that are heinous will be decided on a case-by-case basis. The Assam government would pay Rs 5 lakh to each of the relatives of those who died in agitations over the autonomous State demand and have yet to be compensated in any way.
History of karbi anglong
Apart from the Bodoland movement and the ULFA-led campaign for a sovereign Assam, the Karbi insurgency — which seeks to create a separate state of Karbi Anglong and North Cachar Hills — is one of the many insurgencies that Assam has experienced over the years. Since 1946, the Karbi have demanded their own state. Later, their movement evolved into an insurgency, which grew stronger in the 1990s. The Centre negotiated a number of ceasefire deals with various organisations, but there were always splinter elements that fought on. The tripartite Memorandum of Understanding was signed twice, in 1995 and 2011, however, neither accord succeeded in bringing peace to Karbi-Anglong. The latest agreement is the outcome of numerous rounds of discussions between the federal government and members of the Karbi and Kuki organisations in an attempt to find a complete and definitive answer to the Karbi group’s demands while maintaining Assam’s geographical integrity. This pact aims to make it a thing of the past.