The Ramsar Secretariat has designated four new wetlands in India as Ramsar areas. Thol and Wadhwana in Gujarat, and Sultanpur and Bhindawas in Haryana, are the locations. Union Environment Minister Shri Bhupender Yadav announced this in a tweet message, expressing his delight and stating that Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi’s specific concern for the environment has resulted in an overall improvement in India’s wetlands management.
This brings the total number of Ramsar sites in India to 46, with a total surface area of 1,083,322 hectares. While Haryana receives its first Ramsar sites, Gujarat receives three more following the declaration of Nalsarovar in 2012. “To build and maintain an international network of wetlands that are vital for the conservation of global biological variety and for maintaining human life through the maintenance of their ecosystem components, processes, and benefits,” according to the Ramsar list.
Food, water, fibre, groundwater recharge, water purification, flood reduction, erosion management, and climate regulation are all key resources and ecological services provided by wetlands. They are, in reality, a significant source of water, and our primary source of fresh water comes from a variety of wetlands that absorb rainfall and recharge groundwater.
The largest wetland in Haryana, Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary, is a man-made freshwater wetland. Throughout the year, around 250 bird species use the sanctuary as a resting and roosting spot. The endangered Egyptian Vulture, Steppe Eagle, Pallas’s Fish Eagle, and Black-bellied Tern are among the more than 10 internationally threatened species that call the location home.
More than 220 species of resident, winter migratory, and local migratory waterbirds are supported at important stages of their life cycles at Haryana’s Sultanpur National Park. The critically endangered sociable lapwing, as well as the endangered Egyptian Vulture, Saker Falcon, Pallas’s Fish Eagle, and Black-bellied Tern, are among the more than ten species on the list.
Thol Lake Wildlife Sanctuary in Gujarat is located on the Central Asian Flyway and is home to around 320 bird species. More than 30 threatened waterbird species live in the wetlands, including the critically endangered White-rumped Vulture and Sociable Lapwing, as well as the vulnerable Sarus Crane, Common Pochard, and Lesser White-fronted Goose.
The Wadhvana Wetland in Gujarat is internationally significant for its birdlife because it serves as a wintering ground for migrating waterbirds, including more than 80 species that migrate via the Central Asian Flyway. They contain endangered Pallas’s fish-eagles, vulnerable Common Pochards, and near-threatened Dalmatian Pelicans, Grey-headed Fish-eagles, and Ferruginous Ducks.
News source: Press Information Bureau