According to ‘the Lancet Countdown on Health and Climate Change,’ a flagship report of the medical journal The Lancet that provides periodic updates on the scientific literature on the relationship between climate change and public health, India has become 15% more vulnerable to extreme heat than it was in 1990.
When compared to the 1986-2005 baseline average, the elderly (over 65) were exposed to 3.1 billion additional days of a heatwave in 2020. Senior folks from China, India, the United States, Japan, and Indonesia were the most impacted.
According to the analysis, heat exposure will cost the world 295 billion hours of potential productivity in 2020. Pakistan, Bangladesh, and India, the three most populous nations in the medium-HDI (Human Development Index) category, suffered the highest losses (2.5-3 times the world average and the equivalent to 216-261 hours lost per employed person in 2020).
The absolute rise in heat-related mortality between 2018 and 2019 was greatest in India and Brazil.
Climate-related economic losses were three times greater in nations with a medium HDI than in those with a very high HDI. According to the research, South-East Asia was the only area with rising air pollution death costs relative to GDP between 2015 and 2019.
The sixth annual Lancet Countdown study examines 44 health indicators directly related to climate change and finds that major trends are worsening and increasing previously existing health and socioeconomic inequality.
“Climate change is here, and we’re already seeing it harm human health throughout the globe,” said Anthony Costello, Executive Director of the Lancet Countdown, in a statement. “As the COVID-19 crisis unfolds, every nation is confronting some component of the climate catastrophe as well.” According to the data, the number of people exposed to wildfires has increased in 134 nations. Millions of farmers and construction workers may have lost money because it is just too hot to work on certain days. Drought has become more pervasive than it has ever been.”
Source: The Hindu