Under the National Supercomputing Mission, the Indian Institute of Science (IISc.) has installed and commissioned Param Pravega, one of India’s most powerful supercomputers and the biggest in an Indian academic institution (NSM). The system should be able to support a wide range of research and educational pursuits. It has a total supercomputing capability of 3.3 petaflops (1 petaflop = 1015 floating-point operations per second).
It was created by the Centre for Advanced Computing Development (C-DAC). In keeping with the Make in India programme, the bulk of the components required to make this system was produced and assembled in India, coupled with an indigenous software stack built by C-DAC. The Department of Science and Technology (DST) and the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) jointly lead NSM, which is executed by C-DAC and IISc.
So far, the mission has funded the deployment of 10 supercomputer systems with a total processing capability of 17 petaflops at IISc, IITs, IISER Pune, JNCASR, NABI-Mohali, and C-DAC. Until now, over 31,00,000 computational tasks have been successfully completed by around 2,600 researchers throughout India.
These technologies have aided teachers and students in completing key R&D projects such as building genomes and drug discovery platforms, analysing urban environmental concerns, constructing flood warning and prediction systems, and optimising telecom networks.
The IISc. Param Pravega system is a combination of heterogeneous nodes featuring Intel Xeon Cascade Lake processors for CPU nodes and NVIDIA Tesla V100 cards for GPU nodes. An ATOS BullSequana XH2000 series machine with a total peak computing capacity of 3.3 petaflops powers the system. C-DAC provides and supports the software stack that runs on top of the hardware. The machine is equipped with a variety of programming development tools, utilities, and libraries for creating and running HPC programmes. IISc. already has a cutting-edge supercomputing centre that was built a few years ago; in 2015, the institution purchased and installed SahasraT, India’s fastest supercomputer at the time.
This facility has been used by faculty and students to conduct research on a variety of impactful and socially important topics. Modeling viral entry and binding, investigating protein interactions in bacterial and viral illnesses, and creating novel compounds with antibacterial and antiviral characteristics are among the topics being researched on COVID-19 and other infectious diseases. Researchers have also utilised the facility to model turbulent flows for green energy technologies, examine climate change and its effects, analyse aircraft engines and hypersonic flying vehicles, and conduct a variety of other experiments. With Param Pravega, these efforts are projected to increase significantly.
Source: The Hindu