According to the World Health Organization’s 2021 Global TB report, the coronavirus pandemic has taken its toll on tuberculosis patients in India, raising the expected death toll from infectious lung disease to 500,000 in 2020 from 445,000 in 2019.
India accounted for 34% of the total number of TB fatalities worldwide. According to the data issued on Thursday, the case fatality ratio (estimated mortality/estimated incidence) increased from 17 percent in 2019 to 20 percent in 2020.
Covid halted years of worldwide progress in the fight against TB, according to the research.
The first issue was the interruption of tuberculosis services and the resulting effect on resource availability. Human, financial, and other resources have been moved from TB to the covid response in numerous countries, according to the WHO study, reducing the provision of crucial services. People have also found it difficult to get medical help during lockdowns, according to the report.
Reduced access to diagnosis and treatment, according to the research, increased the number of people dying from tuberculosis. Globally, the illness claimed the lives of 1.3 million HIV-negative persons, up from 1.2 million in 2019, and an additional 214,000 HIV-positive people, up from 209,000 in 2019, bringing the total to the level of 2017.
The worldwide disparity between estimated TB incidence and the number of persons newly diagnosed with the illness and reported cases was 74 percent in ten countries.
India, Indonesia, and the Philippines were the top three donors (24 percent, 11 percent, and 8.3 percent, respectively).
India was also included in the WHO’s three worldwide lists of high-burden countries for tuberculosis (TB), HIV-associated tuberculosis (HIV-TB), and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB)/rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis (RR-TB) for the years 2021-25.
The pandemic’s most visible effect on TB care is a substantial worldwide decline in the number of patients newly diagnosed with TB and reported in 2020, compared to 2019. Between 2019 and 2020, the number of people in the United States fell by 18%, from 7.1 million to 5.8 million.
Between 2019 and 2020, India contributed the most to the worldwide fall (41 percent), followed by Indonesia (14%), the Philippines (12%), and China (8%). These and a dozen other countries accounted for 93% of the 1.3 million people who died.