Prime Minister Narendra Modi said at the COP26 meeting in Glasgow on Monday that India would reach net zero emissions by 2070 at the earliest.
Until Monday, India was the only big emitter that had not committed to a net-zero timetable or a year by which it would assure that its net carbon dioxide emissions were zero.
India plans to acquire 50% of its energy from renewable sources by 2030. India will cut its carbon emissions by a billion tonnes by 2030. India’s emissions intensity per unit of GDP will be reduced by less than 45 percent. According to Prime Minister Narendra Modi, India will install 500 Gigawatts of renewable energy by 2030, an increase of 50 Gigawatts above current objectives.
In the spirit of climate justice, he stressed, wealthy industrialised nations should provide at least $1 trillion in climate money to poor countries and the most vulnerable. Mr. Modi’s remarks contrasted with India’s position in the run-up to the COP when it opposed calls from wealthy nations to adopt net-zero commitments. Several delegations from the United Kingdom, the United States, and the European Union have contacted Indian authorities in recent weeks in an attempt to persuade them to reach a deal. According to experts, achieving net-zero by 2050 is the greatest chance the world has of keeping temperatures below 1.5 degrees Celsius over pre-industrial levels.
On Sunday, Environment Minister Bhupender Yadav said that the concepts of Equity, Common but Differentiated Responsibilities and Respective Capabilities (CBDR-RC), and awareness of nations’ very varied national situations must be honoured. Taking on net-zero ambitions necessitates a rapid transition to sustainable energy sources, which, according to numerous experts, would come at a high cost.
Mr Modi said that sustainable patterns of life practised by some indigenous groups should be included in the school curriculum and that the lessons learned from India’s adaptation efforts in programmes like Jal Jeevan mission, Swach Bharat mission, and mission ujwala should be shared internationally.
“I applaud Prime Minister Modi and India for making a strong stance in support of low-carbon growth. India has obviously placed the ball in the developed world’s court. This is genuine climate change action. India is now demanding $1 trillion in climate money as quickly as feasible, and it would be monitoring not just climate action but also climate funding delivery. Most significantly, India has asked for a change in lifestyle once again. We won’t be able to solve how we live on this planet if we can’t change how we live.” -Dr. Arunabha Ghosh, Founder, and CEO of the Council for Energy, Environment, and Water.
Source: The Hindu