From October 31 to November 12, the United Kingdom will host the UN Climate Change Conference COP 26. Leaders from over 190 nations, as well as hundreds of negotiators, academics, and people from across the world, will gather to build a worldwide response to the challenge of climate change. The world’s coming together to advance the climate action plan is a critical movement.
The 26th Conference of Parties (thus the name COP26) will be held at Glasgow’s Scottish Event Campus this year. The meeting takes place only months after the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) released its assessment report on the Earth’s climate, which highlights heat waves, droughts, excessive rainfall, and sea-level rise as potential future hazards.
The formation of the COP
The Conference of Parties is part of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which was established in 1994. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was founded to aim toward “stabilisation of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere.”
It outlined the member nations’ obligations, which included Developing climate change mitigation strategies. Working together to prepare for the effects of climate change and promoting climate change education, training, and public awareness
Since 1995, members of the COP have met once a year. India, China, and the United States are among the 198 parties to the UNFCCC.
The inaugural conference (COP1) took place in Berlin in 1995. The renowned Kyoto Protocol was agreed at COP3 in Kyoto, Japan, in 1997. It commits member nations to seek greenhouse gas emission reductions or limitations. The Kyoto Protocol went into effect on February 16, 2005, and it now has 192 signatories.
The seventh COP was held in New Delhi from October 23 to November 1, 2002. ‘Building of technology transfer… in all important areas, including energy, transport…and the promotion of technical achievements via research and development…and the strengthening of institutions for sustainable development,’ according to the conference.
COP21, one of the most major conferences, took held in Paris, France, from November 30 to December 11, 2015. Member nations committed to collaborating to “keep global warming well below 2 degrees Celsius, ideally 1.5 degrees Celsius, in comparison to pre-industrial levels.”
By the middle of the century, the world will be net-zero, and 1.5 degrees will be within reach.
“The UK has already committed to bringing 78 percent emission reductions by 2035 and is on the road to net-zero by 2050,” Natalie Toms, Chief Economist, Climate and Development Counsellor at the British High Commission in India, said at the National Conference on COP26 Charter of Actions on October 13. With its 450 gigawatt renewable energy objective and national hydrogen mission, India has made significant leaps forward. Different nations will take different paths, and we understand the notion of shared but distinct responsibilities.”
To reach this target, the UNFCCC advises nations to “expedite the phase-out of coal, reduce deforestation, accelerate the move to electric cars, and boost investment in renewables.”
Navroz K. Dubash, Senior Fellow at the Centre for Policy Research, explained what India may do to meet its objectives at the National Conference on COP26 Charter of Actions:
It’s past time for India to revise its NDCs, or Nationally Determined Contributions. (Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) highlight each country’s efforts to cut national emissions.)
To achieve development, sector-by-sector planning are required. We must decarbonize the electrical and transportation sectors, as well as begin to consider carbon per passenger mile. Figure out ways to transfer our coal industry as quickly as possible.
“Perhaps the time has come for India to declare that we will not be constructing any additional coal-fired power plants beyond those already planned.” “India also needs to strengthen its climate change legislative and institutional framework,” he says.
Countries will collaborate to ‘defend and restore ecosystems, as well as construct defences, warning systems, and resilient infrastructure and agriculture,’ in order to avert the loss of homes, livelihoods, and even lives
“Developed nations must make good on their pledge to mobilise at least $100 billion in climate funding each year by 2020 to meet our first two goals,” the UNFCCC states.
“With the consequences of COVID-19, it is imperative we work together to scale up funding from all sources and enhance access,” UK Secretary of State for International Trade Anne-Marie Trevelyan said in a statement (to finance). To help transform aspiration into action, we must strive for all nations to have National Adaptation Plans in place and to generate Adaptation Communications that share best practises.”
‘Finishing the Paris Rulebook’ is another crucial priority for the COP26. Leaders will collaborate to develop a set of comprehensive guidelines that will aid in the implementation of the Paris Agreement.