Climate change could drive 216 million people to migrate within their own countries by 2050

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admin November 6, 2021
Updated 2021/11/06 at 3:19 PM

Rising sea levels, water shortages, and falling crop production might drive 216 million people to move inside their own nations by 2050, according to new research released by the World Bank on Monday.

Groundswell 2.0 analysed the effects of climate change on six areas, predicting that “hotspots” of climate migration will develop as early as 2030 and escalate by 2050, wreaking havoc on the world’s poorest regions.

According to the research, Sub-Saharan Africa would account for 86 million internal migrants, with 19 million more in North Africa, while South Asia would see 40 million migrants and East Asia and the Pacific would see 49 million. According to the study, such migrations will impose a substantial burden on both sending and receiving locations, putting cities and metropolitan centers under strain and endangering development benefits.

Sea-level rise, for example, affects rice cultivation, aquaculture, and fisheries, potentially creating a hotspot for out-migration in Vietnam’s low-lying Mekong Delta. However, the Red River Delta and central coast region, where those people are expected to flee, confront their own dangers, including as strong storms.

Conflicts, as well as health and economic catastrophes like the COVID-19 epidemic, might exacerbate the situation, according to the bank. Because the research excludes most high-income nations, countries in the Middle East, and tiny island states, as well as migration to other countries, the number of climate migrants might be substantially higher.

The authors of the research believe their results should be interpreted as an urgent appeal to regional and national governments, as well as the international community, to take immediate action to decrease greenhouse gas emissions, narrow development gaps, and restore ecosystems. They said that doing so would cut migration by 80%, bringing the total to 44 million people.

 

Source: The Hindu

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