On Tuesday, the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) informed the Lok Sabha that the term “anti-national” is not defined in statutes.
Nityanand Rai, Minister of State for Home, stated this in response to a query from Asaduddin Owaisi of the All India Majlis-E-Ittehadul Muslimeen on whether the government had defined the term “anti-national” in any legislation, 11 rules, or other legal enactments in the country.
“Anti-national activity” was included by a constitutional amendment during the emergency, but afterward removed, according to the response.
“However, there are criminal statutes and court rulings in place to deal firmly with illegal and subversive acts that jeopardise the country’s unity and integrity.” “It’s worth noting that the Constitution (Forty–Second Amendment) Act of 1976 added Article 31D (during the Emergency) to the Constitution, which defined “anti-national activity,” and that this Article 31D was later deleted by the Constitution (Forty-third Amendment) Act of 1977,” it said.
The member also inquired about the specifics of the Supreme Court guidelines for dealing with crimes involving “anti-national” activity, as well as the number of people arrested for doing so in the previous three years.
According to the Constitution’s Seventh Schedule, “public order” and “police” are state issues, and “statistics concerning the number of persons detained for engaging in anti-national activities are not maintained centrally.”
It stated that maintaining law and order, including investigation, registration, and prosecution of offences, as well as the protection of life and property, was essentially the duty of each state government.
When the National Crime Records Bureau published its annual Crime in India report for 2017, it added a new chapter on “Crime Committed by Anti-National Elements” for the first time.
The three anti-national groups named in the chapter were “North East rebels, Left Wing Extremists, and Terrorists (including Jihadi terrorists).”
Source: The Hindu