According to the government think-tank NITI Aayog’s Multidimensional Poverty Index, Bihar has the highest proportion of people living in poverty of all the states and union territories, with nearly 50% of the population classified as “multidimensionally poor” (MPI).
Bihar has the highest poverty rate at 51.91%, followed by Jharkhand (42.16%), Uttar Pradesh (37.79%), Madhya Pradesh (36.65%), and Meghalaya (32.67% ). Kerala, on the other hand, has the lowest population poverty rate (0.71%), followed by Puducherry (1.72%), Lakshadweep (1.82%), Goa (3.76%), and Sikkim (3.82%).
Tamil Nadu (4.89%), Andaman & Nicobar Islands (4.30%), Delhi (4.79%), Punjab (5.59%), Himachal Pradesh (7.62%), and Mizoram (9.8%) are among the states and UTs where less than 10% of the population is poor.
NITI Aayog Chairman Rajeev Kumar said, “The development of the National Multidimensional Poverty Index of India is an important contribution towards instituting a public policy tool that monitors multidimensional poverty, informs evidence-based and focused interventions, and ensures that no one is left behind.”
According to him, India’s national MPI measure is based on the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and the United Nations Development Programme’s (UNDP) internationally recognised and proven methodology (UNDP).
Most importantly, it represents multiple and concurrent deprivations encountered by families as a measure of multidimensional poverty. This baseline report of India’s first-ever national MPI measure is based on the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) reference period of 2015-16, he said, adding that the national MPI measure is made up of 12 key components that cover areas like health and nutrition, education, and standard of living.
Source: The Hindu